Kings of Glamorgan
Morgan Mwynfawr was the first King of Glamorgan and it was this name that was given to the name of Glamorgan. He was a good merciful, valiant, profoundly wise courteous and humane king, excelling all his contemporaries in gentleness and generosity. He established good and just laws and institutes for the welfare of his dominion.  Morgan was a so greatly was he beloved in his country, that when he went out to war, all chose to accompany him rather than remain home. He was invariably victorious over his enemies and made law that neither himself nor any of his men should exercise cruelty either to a vanquished foe, or any other living being and that no illegal deed should be perpetrated in tyranny, nor any law enacted from aversion or envy. All this caused such pervading love to be cherished throughout the land that hence sprang the proverb “The suavity of Glamorgan” he established an ordinance that enjoined the appointment of twelve wise crudités, pious and merciful men to determine all claims the king being their supreme counsellor. This act was called the Apostolical law because it is thus that Christ and his twelve apostles judge the world. Consequently so should the king and his twelve wise men judge the country in mercy and mildness, that this manner judgement, justice and mercy should be administered according to the nature and equity of the claim. He likewise ordained that the testimony of any one should be rejected in all matters whatever of church and state, who should conduct himself in an impiously haughty, ferocious or cruel manner to any living being whether a neighbour or a stranger, a friend or foe, a Cambrian or an alien and that no credence whatever should be given to his evidence until the expiration of year and a day after he should have in public court, both civil and ecclesiastic, abjured by wood, field and mountain, his wrongful conduct whether in word or deed, adducing, at the same time evidence to testify from conscientious knowledge, his upright just and repentant conduct towards all and that he had to his utmost ability rectified the injustice he had committed. Upon doing this he became re-admitted to his national rights under the decision of wise and pious counsellors. (665-710)

Einydd the son of Morgan Mwynfawr, succeeded and was an excellent sovereign, he gave much wealth to the churches did not live long. He caused the churches of Teilo, Cadocus and Illtus to be embellished and build the church of Llaneinydd called now St Nicholas.

Rhys son of Einydd was a brave prince who drove away the Saxons from Wales; he built a church called Peterson-super-Ely.

Arthfael son of Rhys was a bold king but he was killed fighting with the Saxons near the church of Roath where he was buried his men however vanquished the enemy.

Meyryg son of Arthfael a good king who attained superiority in all laudable pursuits, he kept of his enemies from the country by force of arms and repressed crimes through the efficacy of the laws of Morgan Mwynfawr, thus by his vigorous and begining government, his name has become proverbially distinguished to this very day in the current adage “The name of Meyrig is a great name.”  He lived mostly at Llantwit Major where he had a mansion.

Brochfael son of Meyryg who succeed to the throne he erected many churches and castles and performed other great actions both good and bad.

Gweirydd son of Brochfael was a wise king but unfortunate king, for diseases and rough ungenial seasons had greatly damaged the country, being calamitous consequences of wickedness that occurred at his age and which emanated from a prevalent recourse of depravity, illegality, and impious abominations. He built the church of Llanweirydd which is called now “Y Caerau” (The Fortifications) where he had a mansion although he held is court at Cardiff.

Arthfael (Hen the Old) the second the son of Gweirydd, was a prosperous for he expelled the Saxons, denied them contribution and vanquished them in battle. (775-815).

Rhys son of Arthfael build many strong castled and constructed a considerable number of ships. He enacted a law that every landed proprietor in the vale show sow half of it in corn; that every such owner in the hills, should similarly appropriate a fourth part of it and that all lands that were neither corn nor hay ground, nor yet de-pastured by live stock should revert to the king at the expiration of a year and a day after legal claim unless such land should be deemed legal woodland or forest-land. This enactment caused ample abundance of provision for man and beast in the country, until it became the resort of person from all parts of Wales, as chosen place of residence and so very populous and powerful that Glamorgan acquired the appellation of “Queen of countries” from its fruitfulness and numerous inhabitants. (815-856)

Hywel son of Rhys made war on the lords of the country of Brychan (Brecknock) and the districts of Ystrad –Yw (Crickhowell) and Euas or Ewyas adjoining Ystrad-Yw (Herefordshire) which territories appertained in justice to Hywel and the country of Glamorgan, but the lords of Brecknock transferred their claim in those lands to Cadell, the king of South Wales; so that Hywel was forced to relinquish his right to them and to fix the boundary of his country at Crickhowell, because it was there that the boundary stones were raised and here it was that he constructed a town and castle calling the Cerrig Hywel  “Gerrig Hywel or The stones of Hywel” , which town is now considered  to be in Brecknock. This was the boundary between Hywel and Cadell. (856-886). There is a cross at Margam called the Cross of Einion which relates to Hywel ap Rhys whose contempampary with King Alfred. AD856-AD886

Morgan Mawr son of Hywel was a mighty brave hearted king, and greatbeyond measure in generosity, justice and mercy, for he was designated a second Arthur, he married Olwen (Elen) the daughter of Rhodri the Great, and succeeded in his dispute with Hywel the Good, through the interposition of Edgar, king of London (may be disputed to the age of Edgar), the Bishop of Llandaff and the Bishop of Saint David’s. Hywel however renewed after that his claim to those territories i.e. Ystrad Yw and Ewyas and war ensued but Blegywryd the son of Hywel and brother of Morgan solicited again the arbitration of Edgar and the two Bishops between Morgan and Hywel the good and obtained it. Edgar selected twelve wise-men of the country to adjudicate the case in accordance with the law of Morgan Mwynfawr, that is twelve men from Deheubath the country of Hywel and twelve from Glamorgan (this is first time that Glamorgan is correctly mentioned as a dominion quite distinct that of Deheubarth and or South Wales) the country of Morgan presiding himself in council at their deliberation. The award publicly announced was that Morgan and his country’s claim had been fully established in justice to Ystrad Yw and Ewyas which were restored accordingly excommunication against any who should oppose that decision, being simultaneously proclaimed at the altar of Teilo at Llandaff, where the record of that righteous decision is still to be seen and thus it was that peace was restored to the country. Morgan had a palace at Cardiff where formerly stood the court of the Roman general Aulus Didius. That Palace was reduced to heaps of ruins by the Saxons, in the time of Cadwalader the Blessed. He had also a royal residence at Margam, Radyr and another at Brigan (Llansannor Parish Glamorgan) where he usually held his national and juridical courts. He lived to the age of 125 being consequently being called Morgan Hen Fawr “the old & the Great”  (930-974)

Died 973 Owain son of Morgan the Aged  was involved in war by Owen the son of Hywel the Good but Edgar marched and army against the latter and compelled him to abide by his and the wisemen’s decision in favour of Morgan the Great (this arbitration actually took place). Owen the son of Hywel was now excommunicated but having made restitution to Owen the son of Morgan he was absolved. This Owen the son of Morgan built a church and castle at Ystrad Owen (Near Cowbridge, there is a large tumulus within the churchyard of this place which probably was raised in commemoration, over the grave of Owen and his wife).

Ithel the son of Owain was a very valiant and potent king and lived mostly at his new summer-house called Ton Ithel Ddu (In the parish of Llangwynwyd 5 miles outside Bridgend). He fortified Cardiff Castle where he held his national and juridical courts. He was called Ithel Ddu (Ithel the Dark) from his very black beard. (Ithel died in 994)

Gwrgan son of Ithel was a generous king who restored infull efficacy the laws of Morgan Mwynfawr and Rhys son of Arthfael and the country flourished greatly under his government. He was an eminent bard and framed many excellent laws and institutes for that order, which are to be seen in books to this very day. He gave the plain called Gwrgan’s Long Meadow in the Glyn Rhondda, to his poor subjects and all other Welshmen in perpetuity for raising corn and breeding sheep and cattle, it was from his name that this place was called Gwrgan’s Long-meadow. He conferred upon every person in Glamorgan who did not possess land the privilege of feeding cattle and sheep and erecting houses as it exists at this day. He was called a second Solomon for his knowledge, in died in 1030. (Gwrgan’s Long-meadow it extends nearly westward for some miles along the confines of Glamorgan commencing about six miles from Merthyr Tydfil. In its south-easterly direction it includes a portion of Aberdare parish and it is still under some modifications, considered as a free common, Gwrgan is celebrated by Bards and Chronicles as a generous and patriotic prince).

Iestyn the son of Gwrgan succeed his father but he was a very wicked cruel and merciless king incurring the hatred of countrymen and subjects. Great animosity arose between him and Rhys the son of Tewdwr king of Deheubarth and he entered into an unjust was against him, for which object he engaged the mercenary aid of Sir Robert Fitzhamon with whom came twelve knights, twenty four squires and three thousand men. To his support came also Einion the son of Collwyn Lord of Dimetia and Cardigan with a thousand men or more and likewise Cedrych son of Gwaethvoed Lord of Cardigan with an additional thousand. “ Sir Edward Mansel say that Cedyrch contingent amounted to  two thousand, buts states the total of Iestyn force at only three hundred or a few more for the lords and knights of his own country had refused him much aid.”  After the departure of the Normans contention sprang up between Iestyn, Einion and Cedrych whereupon the two latter went after the mercenaries and having related the injustice of Iestyn’s conduct invited them back to Glamorgan a country they said that might be easily won from Iestyn who was so ill loved beloved there that a large portion of the Welsh were quite hostile to him. They expatiated also on the fertility of Glamorgan being so rich in corn, pasturage and all produce beneficial to man and beast. Sir Robert and his heard all this gladly “Rees Meyrick is exposing the feigned  readiness of the Normans to return after the overthrow of Rhys ab Tewdwr, eveidently shows that  from the first foot they set in the country they had resolved  on its subjugation and the position of its fertile districts among themselves allotting according to the good Welsh adage “Rhan Y gwas o gig y iar” (the menial share of the dainty chicken) to the more treacherous mercenaries, Einion and Cedrych while the pittances doled out to Iestyn’s son’s were still more insignificant” and returning expostulated with Iestyn on his conduct, but he behaved with great arrogance and scornful  pride towards them, so the contention ended in war and a serve conflict took place adjacent to Cardiff on the Great Heath “Mynydd Bychan” which was a large enclosed common” where Iestyn was vanquished. But the Normans so marshalled their combined army, that Cedrych was placed foremost in the battle until more than half his men fell, consequently Sir Robert found himself at the head of a numerous force than the remaining troops on Einion, Cedrych and other Cambrian Chiefs on their side, so he had got the upper hand of the country and thus became to enabled to select as he pleased. He therefore appropriated himself and retainers the rich vale but the lands allotted to Einion and Cedrych and their adherents were mostly the hilly districts. (1072-1093) Reigned